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Corak Inggris pada gedung dan interior

Langgam corak Inggris

Gaya Carolean Abad 17Menjelang abad 17 di Inggris, industri pembuatan furnitur berkembang pesat, mengalahkan era sebelumnya. Pada era dinasti Tudor, furniture hanya dimiliki para bangsawan, aristokrat dan para jutawan. Pada pertengahan abad 18, furnitur sudah menjadi unsur dominan yang penting pada rumah-rumah pendiuduk biasa. Hal ini terus berkelanjutan sampai pada era Victoria dan moder.Gaya furnitur di Inggris dimulai pada abad 17 yang lebih dikenal sebagai gaya Carolean. Bentuknya yang sangat antik mirip mebel yang digunakan kolonialis Portugis di Hindia Barat.Nama Carolean lebih diidentikkkan dengan Raja Charles I dan Raja Charles II ( 1660-1685) .Aliran Restorasi, juga dikenal sebagai Carolean style (from the Latin Carolus (Charles), mengacu pada decorative arts popular in England from the restoration of the monarchy in 1660 to the late 1680s after Charles II (reigned 1660 – 1685). Kembalinya sang Raja dan sidangnya dari pembuangan on the Continent led to the replacement of the Puritan severity of the Cromwellian style with a taste for kemegahan dan kemewahan dengan sedikit pengaruh cita rasa Belanda dan Perancis. These are evident in furniture in the use of floral marquetry, walnut instead of oak, twisted turned supports and legs, exotic veneers, cane seats and backs on chairs, sumptuous tapestry and velvet upholstery and ornate carved and gilded scrolling bases for cabinets. Restoration silver is characterized by embossed motifs for tulips and naturalistic fruit and leaves.

Tipe furnitur yang baru diperkenalkan dalam periode ini include cabinets on stands, chests of drawers, armchairs and wing chairs and day beds. The growing power of British East India Company resulted in increased imports of exotic commodities from China and Japan, including tea, porcelain and lacquer, and chintzes from India. This led to a craze for chinoiserie, reflected on the development of imitation lacquer (Japanning), blue and white decoration on ceramics, flat-chased scenes of Chinese-style figures and landscapes on silver and new forms of silver as teapots, as well as colourful Indian-style crewelwork bed-hangings and curtains. Other developments in the Restoration period were the emergence of the industri kaca Inggris, following the invention of lead glass by George Ravenscroft around 1676, and the manufacture of slipware by Thomas Toft. After the accession of William III and Mary II in 1689, Restoration style was superseded by William and Mary style. See also * English Restoration * Restoration comedy

 

 
Belton House, Salah satu bangunan bercorak Carolean

 

 

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